Thanks to veterans’ associations as well as experience gained from demobilization in the First World War, the Second World War Veterans Charter was much more adapted to veterans’ needs. It offered training, pensions, land grants for farming, and preference in appointment to civil service for veterans, like in 1918. New privileges, such as university tuition or business loans, were also made available to returned soldiers.
City of Toronto Archives,
William James Family Fonds (1244)
The labour movement’s demands in the 1920s and 1930s led to the birth of the Unemployment Insurance Act in 1940. In 1948, the new Industrial Relations and Disputes Investigation Act also protected workers who wished to join a union, while forcing employers to recognize unions created by their employees.
While the League of Nations did not succeed in preventing the Second World War, it was the first example of a worldwide intergovernmental organization devoted to peace and collective security. Learning from its errors, the United Nations, established in 1945, shares the same goals today.